List comprehension offers a shorter syntax when you want to create a new list based on the values of an existing list.
Based on a list of fruits, you want a new list, containing only the fruits with the letter "a" in the name.
Without list comprehension you will have to write a
for statement with a conditional test inside:
With list comprehension you can do all that with only one line of code:
The return value is a new list, leaving the old list unchanged.
The condition is like a filter that only accepts the items that valuate to
if x != "apple" will return
True for all elements other than "apple", making the new list contain all fruits except "apple".
The condition is optional and can be omitted:
The iterable can be any iterable object, like a list, tuple, set etc.
Same example, but with a condition:
The expression is the current item in the iteration, but it is also the outcome, which you can manipulate before it ends up like a list item in the new list:
You can set the outcome to whatever you like:
The expression can also contain conditions, not like a filter, but as a way to manipulate the outcome:
The expression in the example above says:
"Return the item if is not banana, if it is banana return orange".